Mark Brnovich, the Arizona Attorney General, recently issued an opinion regarding whether earned wage access (EWA) products are “consumer lender loans” under the state’s Consumer Lenders Act (CLA) such that a person who makes, procures, or advertises an EWA product must be licensed as a “consumer lender.”  The AG concluded that an EWA product offered as a no-interest and non-recourse product is not a “consumer lender loan” under the CLA.… Continue Reading

Last week, Ballard Spahr launched an innovative online application to help cryptocurrency and blockchain industry participants keep pace with quickly evolving laws, regulations, policies, and government enforcement priorities in the space.  The Cryptocurrency and Blockchain Legislative Tracker is an interactive tool for investors, financial institutions, asset managers, digital currency exchanges, blockchain technology companies, and others doing or seeking to do business involving cryptocurrency.… Continue Reading

On August 31, 2022, the California Senate voted to approve House Assembly Bill 156, and sent the bill to Governor Newsom for consideration and potential signature.  If it becomes law, the bill would amend the existing California Debt Collection Act (the “DCLA”) in three ways.

First, the bill would amend provisions of Cal.Continue Reading

On August 8, 2022, the District of Columbia Department of Insurance, Securities and Banking (the Department”) issued a Bulletin on money transmission (the “Bulletin”).  The Department issued the Bulletin to ensure that parties “engaging in or planning to engage in money transmission with Bitcoin or other virtual currency used as a medium of exchange, method of payment or store of value in the District,” understand that such transactions “require a money transmitter license.”… Continue Reading

To help financial services companies manage the federal approvals, state licenses, and foreign “doing business” registrations they are required to maintain—and avoid penalties for non-compliance—Ballard Spahr has launched Ballard360 LicenSync.  LicenSync was created by the firm’s Client Value and Innovation Team working in partnership with the firm’s Consumer Financial Services Group.… Continue Reading

On July 20, 2022, the Connecticut Department of Banking (the “Department”) issued a Consumer and Industry Advisory on Money Transmission (the “Advisory”).  The Department believes the Advisory was necessary for two reasons.  First, the Department notes the “significant disruption to traditional money transmission systems” caused by the “increased use of technology to enable immediate payment mechanisms” and “the explosion of virtual currency.” … Continue Reading

As discussed in an earlier blog post, the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (“DFPI”) issued an Invitation for Comments on the Proposed Second Rulemaking under the Debt Collection Licensing Act (“DCLA”) on August 19, 2021.  The Commissioner is now considering draft regulations related to the DCLA’s scope, annual report, and document retention requirements, and has issued an “Invitation for Comments on Draft Text for Proposed Second Rulemaking Under the Debt Collection Licensing Act.”… Continue Reading

On June 27, the Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services’ (“Department”) Division of Financial Regulation (“Division”) finalized new regulations implementing Senate Bill 485, which requires companies to obtain a license from the Division in order to service student loans in Oregon, unless an exemption applies.  The new regulations also establish related servicer requirements and prohibited acts, the supervisory authority of the Director of the Department (“Director”), and the obligations of a student loan ombudsman appointed or designated by the Department pursuant to Senate Bill 485. … Continue Reading

We discuss key regulatory issues for innovative products such as buy-now-pay later, longer term installment loans, delay pay, and card-based products (such as “virtual cards”).  We look at the different ways these products can be structured and the impact of  these differences on applicable legal requirements, such as disclosures and licensing. … Continue Reading

In an announcement to its subscribers sent electronically on May 23, 2022, the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (“DFPI”) notified applicants – and prospective applicants – for a license under California’s Debt Collection Licensing Act (the “Act”) that changes mandated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (“FBI’) to state agency protocols for requesting federal background checks have caused “unforeseen” and unavoidable processing delays.… Continue Reading