The CFPB has issued a new interpretive rule regarding the authority of state attorneys general and state regulators (State Officials) to enforce the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA). 

CFPA Section 1042(a) (12 U.S.C. Section 5552) authorizes “the attorney general (or the equivalent thereof) of any State” to bring “a civil action…to enforce the provisions of [the CFPA] or regulations issued under [the CFPA] and to secure remedies under provisions of [the CFPA] or remedies otherwise provided under other law.” … Continue Reading

The CFPB recently issued its annual fair lending report covering its fair lending activity in 2021. 

In the report’s discussion of its risk-based approach for prioritizing fair lending supervisory and enforcement activity, the CFPB indicates that much of its enforcement and supervision efforts were focused on advancing its priorities of advancing racial and economic equity and promoting economic recovery related to the COVID-19 pandemic.  … Continue Reading

In a new blog post published on the Consumer Law & Policy Blog, Professor Jeff Sovern advocates very strongly in support of interpreting the “unfairness” prong of UDAAP to encompass discrimination in connection with credit and non-credit consumer financial products and services offered by banks and other persons covered by the Consumer Financial Protection Act (CFPA).  … Continue Reading

The CFPB recently announced that it is updating its exam manual to direct its examiners to consider discriminatory conduct an “unfair” act or practice represents a significant expansion of its UDAAP authority.  We discuss: the CFPB’s legal theory; types of products/services/bases for discrimination the CFPB could reach using unfairness and role of disparate impact analysis; what manual updates tell examiners to ask about and look at; implications for entities the CFPB does not supervise or have jurisdiction over; likely legal challenges to the Bureau’s theory; and how companies can prepare.… Continue Reading

Consistent with expectations that the CFPB under Director Chopra’s leadership would take an expansive view of its statutory authorities, the CFPB has announced its intention to use its authority to prohibit unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts or practices (UDAAPs) to target discriminatory conduct, even where fair lending laws may not apply.… Continue Reading

The California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI) has issued an invitation for comments from interested parties on draft rules to implement certain provisions of the California Consumer Financial Protection Law (CCFPL) which became effective on January 1, 2021.  The CCFPL provisions that the draft rules would implement deal with (1) procedures for a covered person or service provider to respond to consumer complaints and inquiries, and (2) the definition of unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts and practices in connection with the offering or providing of commercial financing or other financial products and services to small business recipients, nonprofits, and family farms. … Continue Reading

The CFPB recently issued a consent order against 3rd Generation, Inc., doing business as California Auto Finance (California Auto), regarding interest charged on consumers’ late payment of the fee charged for California Auto’s Loss Damage Waiver (LDW) product.  The consent order requires California Auto to refund $168,162 to customers with paid-off accounts, issue $117,582 in credits to customers with active accounts (or refund the difference if the credit would exceed the customer’s balance), and correct or update information furnished to consumer reporting agencies about consumers whose account were charged-off.  … Continue Reading

The CFPB recently entered into a consent order with Nationwide Equities Corporation (Nationwide), which the CFPB refers to as a mortgage broker and mortgage lender that primarily provides jumbo reverse mortgage loans and Home Equity Conversion Mortgage Loans (HECMs). The CFPB asserts in the consent order that Nationwide engaged in direct mail advertising practices that violated the Mortgage Acts and Practices—Advertising Rule (the “MAP Rule,” also known as Regulation N), the closed-end advertising requirements of Regulation Z under the Truth in Lending Act (TILA), and the prohibition against unfair, deceptive or abusive acts or practices under the Consumer Financial Protection Act of 2010 (the “CFPA”).… Continue Reading

An article recently published by the Student Borrower Protection Center titled “Discrimination is ‘Unfair’,” argues that the CFPB, FTC, state attorneys general and regulators, and in some cases private individuals, should consider challenging discrimination as an “unfair” practice covered by federal and state laws prohibiting unfair, deceptive, or abusive acts and practices.  … Continue Reading

The CFPB announced earlier this week that it has entered into a proposed settlement  of its lawsuit filed in a California federal district court against SettleIt, Inc., a debt settlement company, alleging that the company engaged in abusive acts or practices in violation of the Consumer Financial Protection Act and also violated the Telemarketing Sales Rule. … Continue Reading