The result of the CFPB’s multi-year study of the BNPL industry is what the CFPB calls an interpretive rule in which it finds that: (1) “digital user accounts” (each a “DUA”) that may be used to access credit are “credit cards” under Regulation Z; (2) the lenders that issue such accounts are “card issuers;” and (3) that as it relates to traditional BNPL loans (loans that are payable in four or fewer installments with no finance charge) these card issuers are “creditors” subject to subpart B of Regulation Z—the provisions typically applicable to open-end credit.… Continue Reading

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), through the Federal Housing Administration (FHA), recently issued Mortgagee Letter 2024-07 addressing reconsideration of value (ROV) policies in connection with appraisals for FHA insured mortgage loans under the Title II forward mortgage loan and reverse mortgage loan programs. The amended Mortgagee Letter may be implemented immediately but must be implemented for FHA case numbers assigned on or after September 2, 2024.… Continue Reading

On March 5, 2024, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) issued its final credit card late fee rule (the “Final Rule”), which, amongst other things, significantly reduces the late fee safe harbor cap for issuers other than “smaller card issuers” from the currently permitted $30 (and $41 for repeat violations) to a flat fee of $8 for all violations.… Continue Reading

On March 5, 2024, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (“CFPB”) issued its final credit card late fee rule (the “Final Rule”). The timing for publication of the final rule was widely perceived as coordinated with the President’s State of the Union address, and in his March 7, 2024 address, President Joe Biden did briefly mention the Final Rule, citing the reduction of credit card late fees to $8 and adding “I’m saving American families $20 billion a year with all the junk fees I’m eliminating.”… Continue Reading

In furtherance of the Biden Administration’s “junk fee” agenda, on January 17, 2024, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau issued its proposed rule to amend Regulations E and Z to regulate overdraft services provided by “very large financial institutions” (an insured depository institution or an insured credit union that has total assets of more than $10 Billion and any affiliate thereof, as determined under 12 U.S.C.… Continue Reading

On October 25, 2023, the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) released its sixth consumer credit card market biennial report to Congress as required under the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act (CARD Act). The report focuses on industry market dynamics, use of credit, cost of credit, availability of credit, and issuer practices.… Continue Reading

The CFPB recently posted on its website a final rule regarding various annual adjustments it is required to make under provisions of Regulation Z (TILA) that implement the CARD Act, HOEPA, and the ability to repay/qualified mortgage provisions of Dodd-Frank. The adjustments reflect changes in the Consumer Price Index (CPI) in effect on June 1, 2023 and will take effect January 1, 2024.… Continue Reading

(Ballard Spahr will hold a webinar on 9/21 at 3pm ET, “The Path Forward for Income Share Agreements.” Register online here.) 

The CFPB issued a consent order against an income share agreement (ISA) provider, Better Future Forward (BFF), in which it concluded that BFF’s ISAs are extensions of credit under the Consumer Financial Protection Act and Truth in Lending Act and are “private education loans” under TILA. … Continue Reading